According to National Oral Health Survey for Adults 2010, dental caries prevalence was found to be 90% in year 2000.
Dental caries or commonly known as tooth decay are disease conditions where the teeth are attacked by acid producing bacteria found in oral cavity, which causes loss of minerals (demineralization), resulting in weaker tooth structure which are prone fracture and decay. Decayed tooth starts with small cavity which can be detected during a routine dental check up every 6 monthly. Reluctance of seeking management of Dental caries often led to problems such as toothache, difficulty in chewing and might lead to infection, eventually tooth loss. Untreated Dental caries adversely affects our quality of life. Pain arise from toothache can sometimes be detrimental and may affect our daily life routine. Other than that, it affects our ability to chew food which leads to poor nourishment of our body.
Seeking dental check up and treatment often able to avoid severe consequence of Dental caries.
However, there are times when tooth decay becomes severe, usual restoration of the cavity will simply not solve the problems. There are several investigations to be carried out by the dentist to deduce whether the teeth are suitable for restoration, which includes dental x-rays, tooth vitality tests and findings from clinical examinations. When the dental caries is beyond able to be restored alone, dentist often will suggest Root canal treatment prior to restoration.
Your Teeth deserve a second chance by doing Root Canal Treatment :
What is Root canal treatment and when is it indicated? Root canal treatment is a process of removing vital tissues inside our tooth such as blood supply, nerves and connective tissue. These vital tissues (also known as Pulp) are important during tooth development, however, once a tooth is fully mature it can survive without the pulp. Does this mean that all teeth can be root canal treated once the teeth fully mature? The answer is no. Root canal treatment is indicated when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed or infected. The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes such as, deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, an injury to a tooth from trauma may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess. During the root canal treatment, dentist removes the inflamed or infected pulp, carefully cleans and shapes the inside of the root canal, then fills and seals the space. Afterward, you will return to your dentist, who will place a crown or other restoration on the tooth to protect and restore it to full function. After restoration, the tooth continues to function like any other tooth.
Prevention is better than cure:
However, not all teeth can be saved and might end up with dental extractions. Tooth such as inaccessible root canals, roots that are severely fractured, tooth that has inadequate bone support, and simply the tooth just could not be restored, may warrant for dental extractions. Prevention is always better than cure, by knowing the factors which cause Dental caries, we can prevent the disease from happening. High sugary and acid foods often favour dental caries formation. By reducing the intake, we can significantly reduce the risk of getting a dental decay. Nonetheless, a good oral hygiene practices and regular visit to the dentist are crucial to prevent dental decay. Lastly, a good oral health and a happy smile improves our lifestyle quality, and it is easy yet simple to achieve and maintain it. Start young and early, consult your nearby dentist and kick start the journey to obtain healthy sets of teeth and smile!
Written by Dr Lam – DDS (MAHSA)